Pseudomonas aeruginosa has become an important cause of gram-negative infection, especially in patients with compromised host defense mechanisms. It is the most common pathogen isolated from patients who have been hospitalized longer than 1 week, and it is a frequent cause of nosocomial infections. If you’re sick or your immune system is already weakened, pseudomonas can cause a severe infection. In some cases, it can be life-threatening.
You could get sick from eating contaminated food. It also thrives in moist areas like pools, hot tubs, bathrooms, kitchens, and sinks.
Signs & Symptoms – Respiratory tract (eg, pneumonia), skin infection
Staph infections are caused by staphylococcus bacteria, types of germs commonly found on the skin or in the nose of even healthy individuals. Staph infections can turn deadly if the bacteria invade deeper into your body, entering your bloodstream, joints, bones, lungs or heart. A growing number of otherwise healthy people are developing life-threatening staph infections.
Treatment usually involves antibiotics and drainage of the infected area. However, some staph infections no longer respond to common antibiotics.
Signs & Symptoms – skin, like sores or boils, food poisoning, septicemia, toxin shock syndrome and septic arthritis.
E.coli (Escherichia coli), is a type of bacteria that normally lives in your intestines. While many of us associate E. coli with food poisoning, you can also get pneumonia and urinary tract infections from different types of the bacteria. In fact, 75% to 95% of urinary tract infections are caused by E. coli. Food contamination in kitchen from knife or cutting board that has touched uncooked meat (like chicken) to come into contact with food that will be eaten raw (like a salad).
Signs & Symptoms -Diarrhea, which may range from mild and watery to severe and bloody, abdominal cramping, pain or tenderness, nausea and vomiting.
A yeast-like fungus called “candida albicans” is responsible for many of the fungal infections causing skin problems in people with diabetes.
Other commonly seen areas of infection include the corners of the mouth which feels like small cuts on the corners of the mouth. Fungus also can occur in between the toes and fingers and in the nails. This fungus creates itchy, bright red rashes, often surrounded by tiny blisters and scales. These infections most often occur in warm, moist folds of the skin.
Signs & Symptoms – Oral thrush, tiredness, fatigue, recurring genital or urinary tract infections, digestive issues, sinus infections, skin and nail fungal infections and joint pain.
The fungus Aspergillus niger is a type of mould, which can sometimes be attributed to the cause of some cases of pneumonia. It is also the causative agent of ‘black mould’ on the outsides of certain foods, such as apricots, onions, grapes, etc. Aspergillus niger contains toxins that can make people with weak immune systems become very sick and can sometimes result in death. These toxins can be inhaled by humans, most commonly people who work around plants or peat, and can cause a lung disease
Signs & Symptoms – Fever and chills, shortness of breath, chest or joint pain, headaches and skin lesions.
Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is a common bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract. Salmonella bacteria typically live in animal and human intestines and are shed through feces. Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food. In some cases, diarrhea associated with salmonella infection can be so dehydrating as to require prompt medical attention. Life-threatening complications also may develop if the infection spreads beyond your intestines. Risk of acquiring salmonella infection is higher travelling to countries with poor sanitation.
Signs & Symptoms – Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills, headache and blood in the stool.